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All About Child - Communication and Language DevelopmentPDF

Learning Goals for 3-4 Years – Communication and Language Development

Rupa Sharat

All About Child

Communication and Language Development

Communication and language development has many elements in this area: The 4 main elements are

  1. Listening and Understanding
  2. Speaking
  3. Reading
  4. Writing

When children come into preschool it is important for teachers to focus on the first 2 elements before moving on to reading and writing. Focusing on developing readiness will ensure successful reading and writing development later.

Listening, Understanding and Speaking

  • Listens to adults and sometimes to peers in a group conversation
  • Listens intently and recalls stories
  • Anticipates what comes next in familiar stories
  • Can shift focus from first listening and then doing
  • Can follow more than one instruction e.g. Go bring a pen and then write your name.
  • Understands the use of tools e.g. pen to write, scissors to cut, brush to paint etc.
  • Shows understanding of prepositions or positional language e.g. under, over, behind, in front of etc.
  • Beginning to understand “why” and “how” questions
  • Speaks more complex statements by using “and”, “because” etc.
  • Speaks about an incident that has happened at home
  • Can talk/predict about “what will happen next” in a story
  • Asks questions using “who”, “where”, “what”, “why”
  • Uses simple tenses e.g. “I play”, “I played”
  • Sings some rhymes and songs recalling the correct words
  • Uses more vocabulary during pretend play/ role play
  • Uses objects as something else and uses self-talk during the play e.g. takes a wooden block and pretends it is a phone and pretend talks to someone 

Reading and Writing

  • Listens to and sings some favourite songs remembering the right words
  • Joins in during circle time to sing and dance, listen to stories with one on one and with all the children
  • Tries to retell a story in order of sequence
  • Makes suggestions and guesses how the story might end
  • Identifies the main characters in the story
  • Handles and looks at books with interest
  • Holds book correctly and turns pages
  • Attempts to describe the illustrations in the book
  • Recognizes familiar sign boards like “stop, exit” and recognizes own name
  • Knows that print conveys meaning and script is read from left to right and top to bottom
  • Scribbles and has something to say about the scribbles
  • Makes marks and has meaning to those marks

Click here to view/ download all six areas of development:View / Download

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