Communication and Language Development
Communication and language development for 4-5 years children has many elements. The 4 main elements are the following:
- Listening and Understanding
When children come into preschool it is important for teachers to focus on the first 2 elements before moving on to reading and writing. Focusing on developing readiness will ensure successful reading and writing development later.
Listening, Understanding and Speaking
- Can concentrate for long periods when involved in an activity.
- Sits quietly listening intently when required
- Has a 2-channelled attention- can listen and do accordingly step after step.
- Responds to 3 step instructions e.g. First collect the marbles from the table, next count the number of marbles then record it on paper
- Understands humour and nonsense rhymes
- Follows a story without pictures or props
- Listens and responds when others are saying something
- Uses extended vocabulary in everyday speaking
- Adds new words to his/her vocabulary
- Uses language to create and act out roles during roleplay
- Uses language to clarify thoughts, ideas, sequencing of events etc.
- Understands that stories have a beginning, middle and an end
Reading and Writing
- Completes or continues rhyming words
- Hears and says the initial sounds of words
- Links sounds to letters and knows all the sounds of the letters
- Is able to phonetically sound 3 sounds and blend to make a 3-letter word
- Can read words and simple sentences
- Uses vocabulary which has been gained by the influence of books
- Enjoys reading and being read to from books
- Knows that information can be retrieved from books and computers
- Gives meaning to marks they make as they draw, write and paint.
- Writes some clearly identifiable letters
- Writes own name
- Attempts to write short sentences in meaningful contexts
- Is able to form some letters correctly