Physical development for 4-5 year children mainly comprises of self-care, fine motor and gross motor development. Children come into preschool from different environments. Some who are exposed to a lot of physical activities and others without. It is important to give differentiated activities so that children can progress from where they are.
The main goals are the following:
- Moves confidently keeping the safety of self and others in mind.
- Travels safely around playground equipment with gross motor skills like- climbing up the ladder, going under the slide, balancing on seesaw or swing etc.
- Shows good control over objects while throwing, catching, kicking etc.
- Uses simple tools to change the form of materials to the desired shape. E.g. using cutters, knives, rolling pins with playdough.
- Handles tools and objects with good control, safely and with care
- Has a more clearer hand preference that dominates.
- Able to trace vertical lines.
- Uses anticlockwise movements in a controlled manner
- Begins to form recognisable letters
- Holds pencil with 3 fingers and has control to make recognisable figures or letters
- Manages to stay dry through the day attending to their needs independently
- Shows a better understanding that exercise, food, sleep contribute to the body to remain healthy
- Eats a good range of healthy food and understands variety is needed
- Practices safety measure when not supervised too